2018 Case Study Sources

Link Description Contributor
link This article is showing the recently released tech toys that kids are supposedly going to want this Christmas. There is also a doll that is named Luvabella that needs to be fed and played with and it interacts with the user of the doll. Nicole
Link The AI doll is not connected to WIFI so hacking is not a ethical concern, however like the Alicia doll, experts are concerned that the doll can learn words and the child may start favoring the doll over social interaction and lose their imagination. Gillian
Link Connection to Case Study: The article brings up the concerns of a child's growing social life. Whether dolls or toys with A.I will change how the child interacts with actual people and how they determine the difference between humans and machines. (Strand 1:People and Machines) Lorenzo
link Lyrebird is a recent AI start-up that allows you to record 60 seconds of your voice doing pronunciations and then recreate any sentences, allowing you to type sentences that you didn't say. This raises ethical concerns about creating false content, such as recording Donald Trump's voice in order to recreate the sentence of "I'm about to bomb North Korea", and how far an AI should go to make a generated sentence be as human-like as possible William
Link This article examines a study conducted at MIT. The study aimed to examine how children and AI toys interact with each other - ultimately examining the relationship between people and machines. From this study researchers found that the kids in the study mainly tried teaching the IA toys new things like their name or favorite color. Researchers found that AI toys do not replace human companionship for these kids as well. The kids still view the toys as friend but not their only friends. Athena
Link Online student are able to attend classes from remote locations though the screens of robots. The robot has a screen which displays the student and the robot has a camera so that the remote student can connect to it to look around the classroom and at the teacher. Also the robot can move around the room under the students command. This AI involves face-to-face learning and blended learning. This connects to the case study, because children/ students daily environments are being changed with a 'robot'. The doll named Alicia also has a camera and a voice so she can speak and Alicia's target audience is kids/ students. Both AI's affect the social behaviors of children interacting with them. Courtney
link Mattel planned on releasing a smart hub that was aimed for kids but decided not to because it did not follow the guidelines that Mattel goes by. There were privacy concerns that had to do with it being responsive to the child. This connects to 1.2 Security because it stores data that it collects from the child. Nicole
Link This article brings up issues specifically related to privacy concerns. Many AI developed toys can accurately record information about a user. It brought up examples including simple toys that were being hacked to access cameras and personal information. Adithya
Link Researchers at UCB have created an implementation of AI to create edits of videos that make it almost impossible to tell if a piece of media is edited or not. Connects to the article in the implications b/w people and machines in altering human behavior through increasingly complex AI. Danako
Link Connection to Case Study: The article presents the study of the Personal Robot Group at MIT about kids and their reactions when they interact with toys with artificial intelligence. The article discusses how they can affect a child's emotions and how they can become too close to the toy. (Strand 1: People and Machines) Lorenzo
Link The GEIO is a robot toy used for gaming that uses AI for object recognition to automatically track objects as they move. When the user wants to control the movement of the robot, they need a wifi connection to access a smartphone app, which could raise security concerns if an unsecured connection allows an unauthorized user to use the robot to spy on the user.  Lindsey
Link This article questions the ethics behind implementing a robot in order to replace some kind of social interaction. Many are concerned that children will not have the capacity to distinguish between the artificial emotions of a robot and those of a human being, and as a result may push humans away for interaction with the robot.  Gillian
Link This toy allows you to interact emotionally with it. It has a separate app on the phone where it allows you to respond to the toys movement and it replies back physically. This system applies to the strand 3 IT systems where hardware and software is in concern to function properly as well as provide an insight on safety issues concerning the stakeholders - children and parents paying for the toy.  Alejandro
Link This article gives new perspectives on the case study because it explores the perspective both parents and children have on a doll with IA. It also gives an uncanny deception that children have about a doll being alive or not. Social and ethical concerns are explored by describing the issues with the child's social life because of the experience with the doll. Leah
Link Connection to Case Study: The article warns parents about buying their children "connected toys". It then provides two more articles that discuss the security and privacy concerns that come with said toys. (Stand 1:Security/ Privacy and Anonymity) Lorenzo
Link Facebook recently has started developing AI that would help find suicidal users of the social media platform more easily. However, it needs to be considered that people might act differently in order to not get prompted, even if they are depressed, and might be considered an invasion of privacy due to prompt. The reasoning is due to the fact that there will also be people working with the AI, so it might be a privacy concern as well without consent. William
Link This article goes into depth on the specific strand, ''Peoples and machines.'' It talks about the disadvantages in communication that may develop bad habits for a a child. It brings statistics from a recent study from MIT that studied the attitudes of kids from ages 6-10. Many kids believed that the robot was smarter than them, ultimately leading to confidence issues and narrowing growth rates mentally.  Adithya
Link Explores purchasing a doll this holiday season and examines Luvabella, an AI-powered doll with a dynamic, animatronically moving face and can respond to the user in several ways. This connects to the article in that it discusses the privacy implications of having AI collect data and how Luvabella circumvents that by not being internet-connected. Danako
Link This article discusses the latest AI toys that should not be purchased for children at Christmas. Newly developed toys such as CloudPets and Furby Connect have be researched to find that low-tech hackers were able to hack the toys and can transmit spoken messages to the kids who interact with them. This is a significant social issues that arises in A Doll Named Alicia as well. With toys that can verbally interact with children, there is the risk that occurs that hackers can hack the toys and spy/ interact with the children themselves. Courtney
Link AI baby is able to read and respond to facial expressions, say basic words, learn words, and play a virtual piano. If the technology was released to children or the general public, surveillance could become an issue since the baby has to have a camera in order to respond to visible emotions. Gillian
Link Sony has developed a robot dog that uses AI to interact with the user by learning to recognize and respond to the user's voice commands. This can raise reliability concerns in regards to the dog learning and correctly responding to commands. As the dog can also show signs of affection, there are also concerns related to people and machines with possible issues that could arise with people having trouble forming relationships with other people.  Lindsey
Link  This one is a battle bot controllable by smartphone that could give 1st person vision, is compatible with  VR and uses augmented reality and could automatically track enemy robots. This could relate to people and machines as well as reliability since this is fairly new technology that would most likely cost a lot of money to purchase.  John
Link This article is asking if children should form relationships with robots, or AI in general. There is an experiment conducted with a robot, the Cozmo and the dad of the son noticed how much of the robot got accustomed to the family, recognizing names, etc. The robot also recognized what it was doing and it showed emotions towards the family members that would play with it. It connects with The Equality of Access because its costly and not every child's parents will be able to afford the new robot toy. Nicole
Link This source provide information on AI toys and its relevance. The source also contains a podcast containing information informing ideas and perspectives to AI tech in toys. Alejandro
Link This article discusses the causes of humans fearing the uncanny valley. This connects with the ITGS strand of people and machines. This article discusses how humanizing AI products can affect humans likely to use them. It also discusses a few solutions that could be taken into consideration in order to solve this issue. Athena
Link Toy company Hasbro and Brown University are teaming up to create AI-enhanced toy cats and dogs for senior citizens. This connects to the case study in that it fulfills one of the possible responsibilities of an AI companion such as Alicia in serving as a health companion if physically or mentally incapable people need it e.g dementia. Danako
Link Unlike the Alicia doll, Luvabella isn't connected to the internet, so the privacy factor isn't at risk. Like Alicia, Luvabella is can adapt to the child's emotions, and bring comfort to the child. Luvabella can also learn words like Alicia, and Luvabella can play games with the child. Erick
Link The toys presented in here use a form of IT to make toys better. The kidizoom camera that can be hooked up to a kid as a "Friend" that records the child life as and can repeat the words of the child in a funnier pitch to make it seem to be aware.  This could relate to the privacy and security issues of the whole toy based on its features. John
Link China has been focusing its funding on AI development in the past year. They have even created a plan for this new budget within the field, in which they plan on implementing it into different areas of government.  Brandon
Link This article goes in depth on a specific experience a girl had with trying out Hello Barbie. When the girl presses down into Barbie's belt buckle, Barbie is able to hear through the microphone on the necklace and then the recorded sounds are sent to ToyTalk via WiFi. There's much more that goes into the process on how Barbie decides what to respond back. Leah
Link This article discusses the concerns with children who play with AI toys possibly becoming adicted to technology and struggling to form real life bonds with friends or family. Lindey
Link This AI being developed will help the user track health information while exercising, such as heart rate. While this is nice, the reliability of such information should definitely be considered. Because it is an AI that is dependent on algorithms, anomalies in some people's bodies might accidentally cause concern for the AI and misdiagnose the client to go to the doctor or give false information which may conflict and drive the user to do more or see a doctor by accident. William
Link This article lists the ways in which technology companies are developing and advancing AI in order to blur the lines between reality. Various technology companies have begun to develop machine learning programs to seamlessly blend digital editing and reality. Such programs "fill the uncanny valley" so to speak, as the article states, programs have become so advanced that they are changing the way users manipulate multimedia.One example of this is Sensei, Adobe's artificial intelligence, which allows users to, "infus[e] machine learning into a variety of groundbreaking video, photo, and audio editing tools" (Wired). This advancement, however, brings to mind an ethical debate between reliability and authenticity. People are concerned with how these technologies can be used to fabricate news and promote lies- a concern that is all to relevant in the age of Fake News. Francisco
Link This article talks about both pros and cons of AI integrated toys. Just like the other article, one con was obviously privacy for these toys capture private information about this user. This information can be hacked or leaked or even sold and my pout users at a risk. But article also analyzes pros, specifically for the main stakeholder, kids. Which includes its effectiveness in teachign children through entertainment, and perhaps in the future, better communication skills that may stray increasing trends of anti-social(ness). Essentially this article does outweigh pros over cons but brings up very good points. Adithya
Link This article relates to the case study since it is weighing out the pros and cons of letting children play with AI toys and the effect it could have on the child emotionally since they form emotional ties and the concern they show for a inanimate object. John
Link India has begun to focus on the development of AI in order to apply it into education, healthcare, etc. They believe AI may be able to reduce the costs associated with these sectors, by reducing human need and pay.  Brandon
Link The Fisher-Price Teach 'n Tag Movi is targeted to interact with children, like the Doll Alicia. This toy moves around on his own and 'thinks' and learns independently. Like the doll Alicia, this toy is the child's friend who speaks with them, plays, and learns about them. Courtney
Link AI has now been implemented in various aspects of our lives with some being in the form of Alexa and even being placed into some cars which has led to the question of to what extent are we willing to go until we realize that putting AI in it is a bad idea. This article is on the attempts by some companies to put AI in planes to improve their efficiency as well as make the travel more comfortable and causes serious questions to arise if something were to go wrong. Jorge
Link This article refers to the legal aspect of controlling data, especially in regards to AI technology. In the UK, Metropolitan police have proposed trialling cameras that utilize AI facial recognition software to detect suspicious activity to prevent crime. However, the UK citizens are concerned about how these AI databases will collect and disseminate this information. They also wish to see that those overseeing the programs have developed sound policies and standards in monitoring the software. Francisco
Link The professor Einstein toy is a recreation of the late and great professor Einstein. The bigger, original version of professor Einstein, was created into a smaller educational toy, that can be used to help children or anyone with science related questions. Professor Einstein can also challenge the user with different brain games. Erick
Link This source explains how the intelligent humanoid robot "Sophia" has grown in its popularity with interviews. Many sources include that it has a sense of humor. [People and Machines]: The source tries to reassure people that these robots are not intelligent enough (yet) to claim human level intelligence, empathy, and other human qualities. Therefore, it is not time to panic; these robots are created to assist in human tasks. Its appearance is what is contributing greatly to the fear that the AI is or will start contemplating bigger subjects for its own gain such as its role in society. Ricardo
Link AI is now not only being used in our homes to help us become more comfortable or to have pleasant conversations with it but is also being used by the military to aid in their battles and to save lives. Although drones had already been used before, there has never been a wide scale use of AI robots in the military but we might start seeing glimpses of them in order to help soldiers during wartime to save countless lives and prevent any risks to others such as in bomb disposal. Jorge
Link The kid-focused smart hub, named Aristotle, was denied to be released because of the privacy issues children's health and privacy advocates protested against Mantel inc. Aristotle was designed to be in a child's room to do tasks such as turn off the light. There's raised questions about data privacy and if Aristotle is going to affect that. Leah
Link At the moment, AI has trouble talking with humans but is fully capable of executing other monotonous tasks such as utilizing numbers. We need to have AI that is capable of working with people, but at the same time being understanding of them as well.   Brandon
Link AI started out as an idea and then became an ambition that is slowly starting to become a reality. In today's age we have not yet reached the technological achievements that have been fantasized like in Hollywood movies but we have made strong progress in that direction to the point that we now have personal assistants like Alexa and Cortana. As our progress continues we will continue to see more parts of our lives having AI be implemented into them, one way or another. Jorge
Link Like Alicia, Cozmo can amuse the child, and Cozmo can have fun with the child peforming different tasks. Cozmo can scan the faces of the child and play games and can roam around the room, exploring its surroundings. Erick
Link The source explains the Sophia doll and all its features. when then begin to question authenticity and whether this machine will cause a new race to have rights. This effects the public on surveillance and where the information is being placed and who has control of the information it obtains. Alejandro
Link This article discusses the ethical concerns of people with Artificial Intelligence. Users are concerned that artificially intelligent robots and software lack a rigid set of guidelines and standards that may allow them to go "haywire" and realize humanity's worst visions of AI. However, some people are suggesting that engineers implant ethics- a code of standards and policies- within the AI to ensure that these technologies are working for the benefit of society. Fransisco
Link This article talks about reasons why parent should be wary of AI toys. AI toys can collect information from children which can then be accessed by the toy company. AI toys also pose as a security risk. These toys are being manufactured with being made with microphones, cameras, and other input devices. Toys are even being manufactured to have a GPS system involved as well. All these input devices are can be vulnerable to hacking which is a large security risk. Athena